The original mixed martial art, this ancient Olympic sport was a no-holds-barred combination of punching, kicking and grappling that often left a competitor dead.
Meaning “anything goes” in Portuguese, this is a Brazilian MMA contest. The Japanese have a similar sport called shooto.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ)
A grappling art based on judo that utilizes joint locks and choke holds. Also known as Gracie jiu-jitsu, after the art’s founding family.
This kick-boxing style from Thailand is also called “the art of the eight limbs,” because of its use of punches, elbows, knees and kicks with the shins.
Georges St. Pierre. The St. Isidore, Quebec, native is the current UFC welterweight champion and is considered pound-for-pound one of the best MMA fighters in the world.
Ground and pound
Pinning an opponent on the ground and punching him repeatedly until he submits, is knocked out or the ref stops the fight.
Lay and pray
Smothering an opponent’s offence while mounting little or no attack, in the hopes of surviving until the bell and winning on points.
A wrestling term for a defensive technique in which you shoot your legs backwards and attempt to gain the back of an opponent when he moves in for a takedown.
A type of joint lock in which an opponent’s arm is hyper-extended at the elbow to force him to submit or “tap out.”
An illegal move in which a finger is hooked into an opponent’s mouth or ear and pulled.
A choke applied from in front of an opponent in which the arms encircle the neck like a guillotine.
See these words in context in our feature on mixed martial arts, here.