1892 The Canadian Criminal Code bans all gambling. Police begin to crack down on illicit gambling in a wave of "moral purification." Businesspeople running long-standing establishments are criminalized.
1900s Charitable gaming (bingo, raffles, etc) is legalized, but other forms are not. In 1910, on-track horse betting becomes legal and generates a coterie of infamous mobsters/businessmen in Toronto. In 1925 gambling booths and events become permissible in a limited context at fairs and exhibitions. Gambling remains illicit and part of T.O.'s underground economy.
1954 Public federal hearings on legalizing lotteries as a way to raise revenue take place in response to public pressure. Gambling is gradually repositioned as a form of adult recreation instead of an immoral or criminal act.
1969 An amendment to the Criminal Code gives the provinces more control over regulation, leading to the legalization of lotteries and sweepstakes.
1985 Another amendment to the Criminal Code gives provincial governments more control over computer and video gaming systems.
1989 Canada's first permanent commercial casino is built in Winnipeg; first appearance of computer/video gaming devices.
1990s Longer hours are permitted for casinos and other gambling spots in some provinces. Video lottery terminals become widespread; in response to protests, some provinces cap their number.
1999 Canada's prohibition on dice games is lifted after nearly 200 years. The original law was inherited from a 1380 law in the UK. In a 1997 referendum, residents in the old City of Toronto reject a casino.
2003 An amendment to the Criminal Code restricts VLTs to casinos and racetracks.
2011 The debate about a T.O. casino begins